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L.M.S. Constituent Companies

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Constituent Companies of the London Midland and Scottish Railway (L.M.S.)

Caledonian Railway (CalR)

Furness Railway (Furness)(F.R.)

Glasgow and South Western Railway (G.S.W.R.)

Highland Railway(H.R.)

Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway (L.and Y.R.)

London North Western Railway (L.N.W.R.)

Midland Railway (M.R.)

North Staffordshire Railway (N.S.R.)


Independently operated lines

Cleator and Workington Junction Railway 30.5 miles (49 km) (partially worked by the Furness Railway)

Knott End Railway 11.5 miles (19 km)

Maryport and Carlisle Railway 42.75 miles (68.8 km)

North London Railway 16 miles (26 km) (managed by the LNWR)

Stratford-upon-Avon and Midland Junction Railway 67.5 miles (109 km)

Wirral Railway 13.75 miles (22 km)


Independent lines for which rolling stock was provided by other companies

Cockermouth, Keswick and Penrith Railway 30.75 miles (49 km)


Non-working companies.

Originally leased to or worked by LNWR.


Charnwood Forest Railway 10.5 miles (17 km)

Dearne Valley Railway 21 miles (34 km)

Harborne Railway 2.5 miles (4 km)

Mold and Denbigh Junction Railway 15 miles (24 km)

Shropshire Union Railways and Canal Company 29.25 miles (47 km) [part of this system was jointly leased with the Great Western Railway (GWR)]


Originally leased to or worked by MidR

Tottenham and Forest Gate Railway 6 miles (10 km)

Yorkshire Dales Railway 9 miles (14 km)


Originally leased to or worked by CalR


Arbroath and Forfar Railway 14.75 miles (24 km)

Brechin and Edzell District Railway 6.25 miles (10 km)

Callander and Oban Railway 99.75 miles (161 km)

Dundee and Newtyle Railway 14.5 miles (23 km) Killin Railway 5.25 miles (8 km)

Lanarkshire and Ayrshire Railway 36.25 miles (58 km)

Solway Junction Railway 12.25 miles (20 km)


Originally leased to or worked by HR

Dornoch Light Railway 7.75 miles (12 km)

Wick and Lybster Light Railway 13.5 miles (22 km)


Originally leased to or worked by N.S.R.


Leek and Manifold Valley Light Railway (narrow gauge) 8.25 miles (13 km)


Originally leased to or worked by several component companies.


North and South Western Junction Railway 5.25 miles (8 km)

Portpatrick and Wigtownshire Joint Railway 82.25 miles (132 km)


Joint Railways


After 1923 amalgamations comprised wholly in the LMS.

Carlisle Citadel Station and Goods Traffic Joint Committees (originally joint owned by various companies).

 Was LNW/MidR joint:

Ashby and Nuneaton Railway 29.25 miles (47 km)

Enderby Railway 2.25 miles (4 km)


were LNW/LandYR joint:

Lancashire Union Railway 12.75 miles (21 km)

North Union Railway 6.5 miles (10 km)

Preston and Longridge Railway 8 miles (13 km)

Preston and Wyre Joint Railway 46 miles (74 km)


Was Furness/MidR joint

Furness and Midland Joint Railway 9.75 miles (16 km)


Was Furness/LNWR joint

Whitehaven Cleator and Egremont Railway 35 miles (56 km)


Were Cal/GSW joint

Glasgow, Barrhead and Kilmarnock Joint Railway 29.75 miles (48 km)

Glasgow and Paisley Joint Railway 14.25 miles (23 km)

After 1923 amalgamations joint with London and North Eastern Railway.

Axholme Joint Railway 27.75 miles (45 km)

Cheshire Lines Committee (1/3 owned) 142 miles (229 km)

City of Glasgow Union Railway

Dumbarton and Balloch (including Loch Lomond steamers) 7 miles (11 km)

Dundee and Arbroath Railway (including Carmyllie Light Railway) 23 miles (37 km)

Great Central and Midland Joint Railway 40.25 miles (65 km)

Great Central, Hull and Barnsley and Midland Joint Railway (1/3 share) 4 miles (6 km)

Great Central and North Staffordshire Joint Railway 11 miles (18 km)

Great Northern and London and North Western Joint Railway 45 miles (72 km)

Halifax and Ovenden Railway 2.5 miles (4 km)

Halifax High Level 3 miles (5 km)

Manchester South Junction and Altrincham Railway (a “ joint working arrangement”) 9.5 miles (15 km)

Methley Joint Line 6 miles (10 km)

Midland and Great Northern Joint Railway 183.25 miles (295 km)

Norfolk and Suffolk Joint Railway (was GER/MidR/GNR joint) 22.5 miles (36 km)

Oldham, Ashton and Guide Bridge Railway 6.25 miles (10 km)

Otley and Ilkley Joint Railway 6.25 miles (10 km)

Perth General Station Committee (2/3 share)

Prince’s Dock, Glasgow 1.25 miles (2 km)

South Yorkshire Joint Railway (2/5 share) 20.5 miles (33 km)

Swinton and Knottingley Joint Railway 19.5 miles (31 km)

Tottenham and Hampstead Junction Railway 4.75 miles (8 km)


After 1923 amalgamations joint with GWR

Birkenhead Railway 56.5 miles (91 km)

Brecon and Merthyr Railway and London and North Western Joint Railway 6 miles (10 km)

Brynmawr and Western Valleys Railway 1.25 miles (2 km)

Clee Hill Railway 6 miles (10 km)

Clifton Extension Railway 9 miles (14 km)

Halesowen Joint Railway 6 miles (10 km)

Nantybwch and Rhymney Railway 3 miles (5 km)

Severn and Wye Railway 39 miles (63 km)

Shrewsbury and Hereford Railway 82.75 miles (133 km)

Tenbury Railway 5 miles (8 km)

Vale of Towy Railway (owned by GWR but leased jointly) 11 miles (18 km)

West London Railway 2.25 miles (4 km)

Wrexham and Minera Railway 3 miles (5 km)


After 1923 amalgamations joint with Southern Railway.

Somerset and Dorset Joint Railway 105 miles (169 km)


After 1923 amalgamations joint with Metropolitan District Railway.

Whitechapel and Bow Railway 2 miles (3 km)


Irish lines

Dundalk, Newry and Greenore Railway 26.5 miles (43 km) - operated from 1933 by the GNR(I)

Northern Counties Committee's lines 265.25 miles (427 km)

Joint Midland and Great Northern of Ireland 91 miles (146 km)

County Donegal Railways Joint Committee (owned jointly with the Great Northern Railway of Ireland)


Shipping companies

Caledonian Steam Packet Company